At least 40 million Americans rely on household deep wells as a source of water. Most water well users are located in the eastern regions and in the areas from New Hampshire to Maryland. Some households in California also tap water wells for their water supply. While wells may be a reliable source of water in many regions, it is often susceptible to contamination, particularly because the water is sourced from the ground. To eliminate any risks that contaminants in the water may carry, it is important to have a filtration system installed – see this top list.
How to Find the Best Whole House Water Filtration for Wells
1. Know Your Well Water Chemistry.
No single water filtration system can eliminate all types of contaminants. There are, however, certain types of filters that trap certain types of contaminants better than other filters. The best whole house water filtration for wells is a system that is capable of eliminating the specific problems that the water source may contain. This will ensure that any potential contamination is addressed correctly and treated appropriately.
Any issues with the well water supply may be identified through proper and regular testing. Regular testing will not only identify any existing problems, but it will also help determine if the filtration system is effective once it is installed. Regular testing can also help monitor any changes in the quality and safety of the well water over time.
2. Know the Type of Pumping System That Works Best for Your Home.
Well pumps typically extract groundwater through a submersible pump or an above-ground jet pump. In most water systems, the collected water is kept in a holding tank that may be distributed using a pump. Some systems may also simply rely on gravity to release the water throughout the house. Knowing which pumping system suits your water source best will help ensure that your water system will be able to work optimally to deliver water when and where it is needed.
3. Make Sure the Water Filtration System Can Handle Your Flow Rate Requirements.
Another reason why it is important to install the best well water filtration system that fits your home is that you have a flow rate requirement. The flow rate refers to the volume of water (usually in gallons) that passes through an outlet per minute. This is the measure of the amount of water that is distributed to the showers, faucets, dishwashers, washing machine, toilet, and various water dispensers. The flow rate is usually indicated on the appliances by the manufacturers and can be used as a reference when choosing the type of water filtration system needed for your water well.
4. Choose the Most Appropriate Water Filtration Media for Your Needs.
Keep in mind that there is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all water filtration system for wells, which is why it is important to consider the above-mentioned factors to identify the most effective system. Water filtration systems use different filters to eliminate contaminants from well water. The type of media you choose will depend largely on the specific issues you have.
Popular Types of Water Filters for Wells
Different media can remove contaminants from well water to keep it safe for use and consumption. Some of the most popular media used in water filtration systems include:
Carbon filters are known as pre-filters. They work through adsorption – that is, carbon particles attract particulates such as silt, iron, lead, copper, and sediments which stick to the carbon. This action effectively eliminates these particulates from the water before they are released through the outlets. Activated carbon filters are also effective in eliminating the taste of chlorine and other odors that may be present in the water supply. It is also the cheapest filtration method available. It will not, however, remove dissolved minerals, nitrates, or bacteria.
Well water is likely hard water, which means it could contain a high level of mineral particulates such as magnesium and calcium. Hard water is often easy to spot. It leaves a particular scent or taste in the drinking water and leave brown or reddish stains in the sink, bathroom tiles, or fabric. A water ionizer can help remove these particulates and thus leave water safer for consumption. On the downside, well water that contains oxidized ion could coat the filter resin and reduce its efficacy.
UV (Ultraviolet) Filters
UV filters are ideal for well water that contains high levels of bacteria and other microorganisms. UV radiation is effective in killing potentially harmful microorganisms that could cause certain diseases. It is preferred by many households that want an environmentally-friendly solution that is effective and low-maintenance. It can also be used in tandem with other types of water filters. However, it is not as effective in sediment-heavy water because water particles may act as a barrier between the bacteria and UV light. It is also ineffective against heavy metals, chlorine, and VOCs (volatile organic compounds).
Reverse osmosis (RO) is considered as one of the most effective ways to filter water from wells. It uses high pressure to force water through a semi-permeable membrane that traps particulates and other impurities. What comes out of the other side is clear, clean, odorless water that has no unpleasant taste. Unfortunately, the process results in lower water pressure, which means there is a lower flow rate. It also wastes more water than it distributes. In fact, only about 5% to 15% of the water filtered is usable after it goes through the RO system.
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