Male real estate agent looking up at a house exterior

A property survey evaluates a parcel of land to determine its boundaries and other features. Surveys are conducted with sophisticated tools such as theodolite or accepted survey techniques to gain accuracy and detail of measurements for plotting the boundaries. Financial institutions or real estate companies often request Property surveys before purchasing or selling real estate. In addition, they can be necessary for building projects, determining tax assessments, creating topographic maps, and other related activities. Here we look at some types of property surveys and what they involve.

Types of Property Surveys

There are two main types of property surveys – boundary surveys and topographic/site plans.

Boundary Surveys assess the boundaries between one piece of land and another according to its precise legal description. This involves measuring angles, distances, and elevations to pinpoint where each boundary line lies accurately. Then, the surveyor will produce a detailed drawing that shows all relevant information regarding position, size, shape, etc.

Topographic/Site Plans provide a much more detailed view than boundary surveys – showing elevation changes across an area, including contour lines (representing different heights). These plans also show man-made features like buildings, retaining walls, etc., and natural features like water courses or trees! Topographic/site plans are used for construction projects and other activities requiring precision mapping of terrain to plan out layouts & design infrastructure accordingly.

How Are Land Surveys Conducted?

Surveying equipment like total stations & GPS devices produce very accurate results these days, but it’s still essential for surveyors to have experience in their field so they know how best to interpret data collected from these instruments! To conduct a survey, professional surveyors will use specialized software which helps them create digital maps reflecting various aspects such as location points & elevation levels, enabling them to accurately mark out an area’s boundaries & plot key landmarks too!

In addition to this advanced technology, traditional surveying techniques using tools such as transits & theodolites (which measure angles) are still commonly used in certain areas where GPS signals may be hindered due to mountainous terrain or urban terrain sprawl.

Overall – land surveying requires great attention to detail from experienced professionals who understand how best to interpret the results gathered using their tools; so that records can be kept for future reference when needed!


Property surveys are essential evaluations before selling or buying land – helping identify potential issues before investing your hard-earned money! Various types exist depending on what you need; boundary surveys define each parcel’s exact borders, while topographic/site plans show elevation changes/contour lines & other relevant factors which may impact construction projects etc. All are performed using sophisticated instruments such as total stations & GPS devices alongside traditional surveying techniques such as transits & theodolites when appropriate – ensuring detailed map creations can be made!